"Fundamentals of Metallurgy:
     A Road Map For Beginners"



Technicians, Designers, Operations Personnel, Purchasing Agents and Sales Professionals who have little or no prior knowledge of metallurgy all agree -- if you work for a metals-related company -- you will benefit substantially from this two-day introductory course.

With a solid focus on translating complex concepts, terms and processes into clear, easy to understand fundamentals, the course helps participants gain an understanding of basic metallurgical fundamentals and provides an excellent foundation for the AMA course, "Metallurgy for Non Metallurgists."




Critical Role for Materials.   As was stated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg, Nobel laureate and former chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, "materials science and engineering will be essential for the solution of the problems attendant with the energy sources of the future." This critical role for materials will apply equally to virtually all engineering problems facing us in this century.



Increasing Demands on Human Resources.   The advancement of civilization has been largely brought about by man's ability to adapt the elements to his service. Metallurgy occupies a position of paramount importance in companies that are prime producer of metals and alloys, and serves in an advisory capacity for manufacturing companies where engineering design and production methods govern the success of the manufacturing enterprise. As a result, modern engineering applications demand better fundamental knowledge of metallurgy by more employees of more departments than ever before.



A Foundation for Practical Solutions.   The Engineer is continually involved with the use of metals and alloys, whether he is concerned with design, fabrication, general manufacturing, or maintenance. In many, if not most instances, he will not work alone, but will work as part of a team, which includes technicians, purchasing, operations and support staff. To do an effective job, the members of the team must have a basic understanding of these materials. While not expected to be experts in the field of metallurgy, they must be able to cope with many problems which arise, as well as know when and where to secure the assistance of a specialist.



A Valuable Interactive Learning Experience.   This course is designed especially to provide basic fundamental concepts that serve as a foundation upon which to formulate solutions for practical engineering problems. While a familiarity with metals and alloys that will be best adapted to certain applications comes through experience and continued contact with the field, the basic principles which help in understanding these things can be clarified. The course instructors Dr. Jacob Stiglich and Dr. T. S. Sudarshan present the course with well-illustrated visual examples, which make technical subjects easy to understand, and give participants basic information on metallurgy and general engineering that make this a superb beginner course. Questions, comments, and discussion are encouraged throughout the course. There will also be helpful opportunities to exchange ideas with the instructors and other participants during breaks, lunch, and after class adjourns.


Course Manual and Topical Highlights.    The Course Workbook, which completely documents the course, makes the need for note taking minimal so that students are free to focus more fully on course content. The binder also contains all illustrations, pictures, charts and diagrams used, and is a valuable source of future reference. Topical highlights of this important Course include:

  • Introduction: Why learn about this stuff anyway?

  • History Overview: Ancient and Modern

  • Types of Materials: Metals, ceramics/glasses, polymers, composites and semiconductors

  • Selection of Materials: Why are metals so widely used? What are competitive materials?

  • Atomic Bonding:  Where it all begins.

  • Crystal Structure: The next step.

  • Non crystalline Structure:  Approaching the real world; how a metal looks in "bulk" - defects.

  • Microstructure and Phase Diagrams - How a real metal exists: Iron-carbon diagram (the basis of the industrial revolution); Characterization/description of materials on the microscopic level; Equilibrium versus kinetics - the principles that determine how real metals are processed and formed into parts.

  • Microstructure and Physical Properties: The "TTT" diagrams, hardness, strength, other physical properties - heat treatment.

  • Structural Metals and Their Properties: Steels, cast irons, aluminum alloys, titanium alloys; Major mechanical properties - stress/strain, hardness, impact-strength/fracture toughness, fatigue strength, elevated temperature properties/creep.

  • Electrical and Magnetic Properties and Semiconductors: Let's face it, micro circuitry and computers are important! The semiconductor, miniaturization and micro-miniaturization.

  • The Concept That Pure Metals Aren't Good Enough: Useful examples and "recipes"

  • Forming: Unfortunately, alloying generally makes it more difficult to form a real part/component. Processes of Forming - casting, mechanical working (forging, drawing), extrusion, powder metallurgy processes - cold/hot pressing and sintering.

  • Attaching Metals to Each Other: Welding (electrical resistance and laser) soldering, brazing.

  • How Do Metal Parts "Wear Out?" Degradation mechanisms - corrosion, oxidation, wear, combinations of them and the environments in which they operate.

  • Some Simple Solutions to Parts "wearing out:" A brief introduction to surface engineering and failure analysis; alloying in bulk and on the "surface," laser treatments, electroplating.


  • A brief look at other areas not included due to course time limitation: Ceramics and glasses, polymers, composite materials, and some interesting metals.

  • Why Make a Composite? Property averaging, Natural (bones, wood) and Manmade (fiberglass reinforced plastic, concrete carbide cutting and forming tools composites. The "interface" is everything!

  • Course Summary/Group Discussion.

Other AMA Courses.   Designed for non metallurgists, the AMA Professional Course Series takes the mystery out of metallurgy and advanced materials. Guaranteed to sharpen skills and techniques, they are designed to help your employees achieve a higher level of performance, faster. Introductory level courses provide employees with focused application of skills on typical functional assignments. The more advanced, intensive course versions complement the core curriculum, with the focus on the study of particular skill sets in greater depth. Advanced Materials Associates Continuing Education Courses include:



Custom tailored in-house training.   Manufacturers are being confronted with a plethora of challenges and opportunities that did not exist in times past. That is why those who are serious about success understand the cost savings, value and return on investment of a strong on site professional development/continuing education program. Whether your goal is to establish and build a training program or strengthen your company's existing professional development training, more profitably, Advanced Materials Associates can tailor a course program to your firm's specific needs and objectives.  Additional information about our corporate training program is available here.




To explore the ways in which our professional development courses can take your key employees beyond the scope of their own experience, and help them identify ways to improve and enhance productivity, please contact AMA CEO, Dr. Jacob Stiglich.

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