Q:
What are the Electronic
Characteristics of Metals?




A:
  • They are electron donors.


  • They possess no more than three valence electrons.


  • They have low ionization energies - they lose
    electrons relatively easily.


  • They are electro-positive - they do not attract
    electrons.


  • In ionically bonded solids, the metallic species
    form cations.


  • In metallic solids, the atoms "lose" their
    outer shell electrons to form a "cloud," which is
    shared by all other atoms (cations).